With a peak of almost 2,000 calories per day, Australians are eating the same amount of high-carb, high-fat foods as Americans, according to a new report by the University of Sydney.
The research, which examined data from Australia’s National Health and Nutrition Survey, shows that Australians are also consuming more processed, processed foods than Americans.
The report was published in the International Journal of Obesity.
It was based on interviews with more than 5,000 adults aged 18 and older from July 1 to August 31, 2018.
The results are a stark contrast to Americans who consume around 4,500 calories a day and Australians who consume just over 1,400 calories a year.
The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend that people should aim to eat between 1,200 and 1,800 calories a week, while Americans aim for 1,300 and 1 (the latter amount is considered “the lower end of the range”) according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, published in 2018.
“The data shows Australians are consuming more than Americans in terms of processed foods, which suggests that Australians have a much higher consumption of processed carbohydrates than Americans,” said Dr Michelle Aydon, the lead author of the report.
“It suggests that the Australian population is consuming a much greater portion of refined carbohydrates and sugars.”
Dr Aydor said she was surprised to find the Australian diet was also consuming a lot of processed carbs.
She said there were two factors that made Australians consume more processed carbs: high-sugar consumption and low-salt consumption.
Dr Aydone said the high-high-sodium diet, which is commonly consumed in Australia, could be a contributing factor to Americans high levels of obesity and type 2 diabetes.
High-sulfate diet The research showed that Australians were consuming more refined carbs and sugars than Americans when they were younger.
In Australia, the average adult consumed about 4,600 calories a month, or about three times as much as Americans.
According to the survey, Australians were also consuming about one-third of the total amount of processed sugars in their diet, or almost 50 per cent.
Dr Aylon said the data also showed that Americans consumed a lot more sugar and high-glycemic index foods than Australians.
Aydon said Australians were not only consuming high-processed foods, they were also getting a lot higher amounts of refined carbs.
The study showed Australians were eating more refined carbohydrates than people in the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Germany.
People in Australia are eating around the same level of sugar and refined carbs as Americans who have a low-glycaemic index, Dr Ayson said.
Australia’s high sugar intake, which includes processed foods such as sugary drinks and snacks, is likely due to its high fructose consumption, which increases blood sugar levels.
Australian researchers found Americans consumed between 10 and 20 per cent of their calories from fructose, which has a high glycemic index.
It was also found that Americans were eating around 20 per of their total calories from sugar, and almost 30 per of its calories from processed sugars.
For Australians, sugar was not only the most common food source, but also the most costly source of added sugars, with around 30 per cent coming from added sugars.
The Australian researchers also found Australians were spending significantly more than American adults on added sugars for both sugar-sweetened beverages and sugar-containing soft drinks, which are known to have high glycaemic indexes.
Dr Aysons research also found Australian adults were also spending significantly less on food per week than Americans and that Americans had the lowest level of obesity in Australia.
Americans spend more on their health care than Australians, and also spend more than Australians on food.
Dr Anson said she thought Australians were living longer lives because they had better access to health care, including a lower rate of smoking and diabetes, and because they were eating the foods Australians were.
“The Australian population has not changed, it is just that we are consuming higher amounts and high levels in terms a of processed and refined carbohydrates,” she said.
“We are also eating more processed and processed carbohydrates.”